Blackjack’s origins are derived from perhaps a number of various early card games, including Chemin de Fer and Trente et Quarante, both of which are still played in traditional European-style casinos.
The history of blackjack and these variations coincides with the invention of playing cards and techniques for printing paper. The use of paper began sometime around the fifteenth century. At that time, there is evidence that a number of different card games bearing striking similarities to Blackjack were popularly played, especially among the nobility, who might have recognized the famous visages that would have been hand painted on the face cards. The games’ similarities rested on the concept that the combined total of a player’s hand must come closest or equal to a set number without going over, considered a “bust.” The number in Blackjack is twenty one, but many of these earlier card games determined different numbers, owing to the differences among cultures and early decks of cards.
Blackjack Comes To America
Like many other games, when Blackjack came to the United States is still unclear. However, the game most likely appeared in the late 1800s as the game of “Twenty-One.” During this time of American history, card playing was one of the more common pastimes and countless variations were spawned from traditional games brought by early settlers.
The object of the Blackjack game is to get a hand of cards as close to or equal to 21 without going over. Players play against the Dealer who is also trying to achieve the same goal. Bets are placed before the dealer gives out any cards. Players and Dealer are each dealt two cards. Depending on the total of their cards Players can choose to either “hit,” meaning receive another card, or “stand,” meaning pass another card. The Dealer must hit his hand until his cards at least total 17.
Dozens of different Blackjack bets exist and experts have laid out complex and detailed betting matrices depending on any hand dealt.
Perhaps one of the most significant improvements to the game came in the 1960s when a number of serious mathematicians applied combinatorial mathematics to the business of card dealing. Their subsequent findings produced a school of Blackjack players who utilized their theories toward the skilled practice known as card counting. Expert card counters are able to successfully and consistently track the high and low cards of a Blackjack game. This knowledge, in combination with strategic betting systems, gives them a significant edge over the house.
Why Play Blackjack Online?
- Blackjack is one of the most played in the world both at land based casinos and online casinos;
- Unlike most online per head casino games, this particular game is one of both chance and strategy;
- Its rules are fairly easy to learn;
- Using the right strategy can reduce the house advantage from 5% to almost 0%. However, this will only occur if the optimal strategy is followed down to the tee.